:: Volume 10, Issue 1 (3-2016) ::
Iran J Virol 2016, 10(1): 26-30 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence and epidemiology of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Rafsanjan
Maryam Fatemipour Miss, Bahareh Fatemipour Mrs , Seyed Mehdi Vahedi Mr, Mahmood Shamsisharabadi Mr
. Aliebne Abitaleb Hospital,University of Medical Sciences of Rafsanjan,Iran
Abstract:   (2172 Views)


Background: Many individuals with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are asymptomatic, population-based serologic studies are needed to estimate the prevalence of  infection which will help to take necessary procedures for prevension and control the disease.This study was conducted to find out the prevalence, of HCV infection among patients refering to the  hospital care in rafsanjan, Iran.

Methods: A total of 940 blood samples (430  males and 510 females) were received and  screened for hepatitis C infection during December 2015 to December 2016. After separation of serum from blood samples in local laboratory, All samples were tested for HCV Ag by ELISA tests. and Liver enzymes [Alkalin Phosphatase (ALP), Alanine aminotrans­ferase (ALT) and Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)] were determined using biochemical procedures.

Results: Among 940 collected samples, 18 (1.91%) were positive for HCV Ab. Among the positive ones HCV hepatitis was more prevalent ,in male patients, than the females. The prevalence rates of HCV  in male was 3.72% and 0.39% for female. Results related to age showed that higher rate of infection in 20-29 years old (%26.59), and the lowest was in the  above 80 years old group (0.31%). Of the three enzymes,only ALP was significantly higher than the control group (P=0.003).

Conclusion: the prevalence of HCV in Rafsanjan was at an increasing rate. Findings from the current study will be helpful for the better management and control of viral hepatitis C infection.

Keywords: Prevalence, Epidemiology, Hepatitis C
Full-Text [PDF 391 kb]   (554 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original article | Subject: General
Received: 2017/04/28 | Accepted: 2017/05/5 | Published: 2017/05/5

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Volume 10, Issue 1 (3-2016) Back to browse issues page