:: Volume 5, Issue 4 (11-2011) ::
Iran J Virol 2011, 5(4): 6-10 Back to browse issues page
Development and Sequence Analysis of a Cold-Adapted Strain of Influenza A/New Caledonia/20/1999(H1N1) Virus
Z Goodarzi, F Behzadian, E Saberfar
Applied Virology Research Center, Baqyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (4420 Views)
Background and Aims: Vaccination is the most effective method to prevent influenza infection. Among the available vaccines, cold-adapted live-virus vaccines are suitable approach that have been produced and evaluated for recent years in few countries. The goal of this project was to derivate a cold adapted variant of the influenza A/New Caledonia/20/1999(H1N1). Materials and Methods: Influenza A/New Caledonia/20/1999(H1N1) was adapted to grow at 25°C by gradually decreasing the incubation temperature through the sequential passages in embryonic eggs. The viral genome extracted from the starting seed and the last round of passage at 25°C was amplified by RT-PCR. The amplified cDNA fragments were subjected to sequencing determination bi-directionally. Sequence data were aligned to find mutated positions. Results: Sequence analysis showed totally six cases of point mutations that five of them resulted in amino acid substitutions and one of them was a silent mutation. These substitutions of one amino acid occurred in PB2, PA, NP proteins and two amino acid changes in HA protein sequence. Conclusion: The variant of cold adapted strain made here could be used as a master donor to generate attenuated reassortant influenza vaccine viruses.
Keywords: Influenza Viruses Type A, cold adapted, vaccine, analysis
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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: General
Received: 2014/11/7 | Accepted: 2014/11/7 | Published: 2014/11/7



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Volume 5, Issue 4 (11-2011) Back to browse issues page