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:: Volume 14, Issue 1 (6-2020) ::
Iran J Virol 2020, 14(1): 47-52 Back to browse issues page
Molecular Characterization of Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease Virus from Cockatiels (Nymphicus Hollandicus) in Iran
Mohammadreza Ghorani *, Mohammadreza Rezapanah
Pathobiology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
Abstract:   (272 Views)
Background and Aims: Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease Virus (PBFDV) causes persistent contagious diseases affecting feathers, immune systems, and beaks of companion birds. PBFDV causes progressive beak deformity, plumage loss, and feather dystrophy. We performed the prevalence survey of PBFDV infections in companion birds in the center of Iran.
Materials and Methods: In total, 120 fresh dropping specimens from apparently healthy companion birds were randomly isolated. The dropping specimens were assessed for PBFDV using PCR. Positive samples were sequenced by the Sanger method, and the sequence was approved by alignment and the phylogenetic tree generated by the maximum likelihood technique computationally.
Results: PBFDV was found in 35.8% of specimens. PBFDV was found in cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) specimens. Based on phylogenetic analysis, the Iranian isolates had the most similarities to Saudi Arabian isolates.
Conclusion: Such high rates of this pathogen emphasized that healthy N. hollandicus in the center of Iran are likely to spread and emergence from PBFDV with subclinical potential. Thus, virological assessments are needed before the export and import of birds.
Keywords: Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease Virus, Phylogenetic analysis, Companion birds, Nymphicus hollandicus
Full-Text [PDF 510 kb]   (113 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/08/1 | Accepted: 2020/06/25 | Published: 2020/06/25
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Ghorani M, Rezapanah M. Molecular Characterization of Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease Virus from Cockatiels (Nymphicus Hollandicus) in Iran. Iran J Virol 2020; 14 (1) :47-52
URL: http://journal.isv.org.ir/article-1-477-en.html

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Volume 14, Issue 1 (6-2020) Back to browse issues page
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