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:: Volume 10, Issue 1 (3-2016) ::
Iran J Virol 2016, 10(1): 8-13 Back to browse issues page
Xenotropic Murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) in Iranian HIV Patients
Seyedeh Nasim Vasefi, Farah Bokharaei-Salim, Ahmad Tavakoli, Hossein Keyvani, Mohammad Farahmand, Helya Sadat Mortazavi, Seyed Hamidreza Monavari *
Department of Virology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (5603 Views)

Background: Despite of isolation of Xenotropic murine leukaemia virus-related virus (XMRV) from the patients acquired prostate cancer in 2006 and patients with chronic fatigue syndrome in 2009, there have been controversial findings about its potential role in human diseases and frequencies in different population groups. In the present study, we aimed to determine the frequency of XMRV genome in Iranian HIV-infected patients for the first time.

Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study on the prevalence of XMRV nucleic acid among 150 patients diagnosed with HIV infection from Tehran’s hospitals. After extracting the viral RNA from plasma samples, specimen's XMRV nucleic acid was amplified by Real-Time PCR, also HIV viral load testing was performed for all of the patients.

Results: Out of 150 patients, XMRV RNA was found in 13 (8.6 %) patient's specimens, including 9 males (69/2%) and 4 females (30/8%). Average HIV viral load was 14471.92 and 17016.66 copies/ml in positive and negative XMRV patients, respectively.

Conclusion: Our results has shown a presence of XMRV infection in HIV-infected patients. But no other significant association was observed between XMRV with gender, age and HIV viral load of the patients. However, more studies are needed to demonstrate the actual prevalence of XMRV infection by geographical regions and different populations. 

Keywords: XMRV, HIV, Iran, Real-Time PCR, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: General
Received: 2017/01/10 | Accepted: 2017/05/5 | Published: 2017/05/5
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Vasefi S N, Bokharaei-Salim F, Tavakoli A, Keyvani H, Farahmand M, Mortazavi H S et al . Xenotropic Murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) in Iranian HIV Patients. Iran J Virol 2016; 10 (1) :8-13
URL: http://journal.isv.org.ir/article-1-261-en.html

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