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:: Volume 12, Issue 2 (12-2018) ::
Iran J Virol 2018, 12(2): 25-33 Back to browse issues page
Preliminary Results of an Attempt to Produce Resistance to Turnip Mosaic Virus in Transgenic Canola (Brassica Napus)
Majid Jafari, Masoud Shams-bakhsh
Plant Pathology Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, PO Box 14115-336, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1430 Views)
Background and Aims: Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) has a wide host range and no resistant commercial canola variety to this virus has been reported in Iran. The RNA silencing mechanism was applied to consider the possibility of improvement in resistance to TuMV in spring canola, RGS003 variety.
Materials and Methods: To obtain an effective construct for silencing, based on the bioinformatics analysis, a fragment containing 130 conserved nucleotide sequences of the TuMV coat protein gene was gained as targeting candidate to produce sense, antisense and hairpin constructs and assessed for resistance efficiency in a transient expression system in Nicotiana benthamiana by agroinfiltration. The development of symptoms after virus inoculation revealed that the highest efficiency can be obtained by hairpin construct. Therefore, the hairpin construct was applied for the transformation of canola RGS003 via cotyledonary explants using Agrobacterium tumefaciens LBA4404. In transgenic and non-transgenic canola plants, the infection and virus titer were assessed by ratio of detection via ELISA and real-time PCR. In addition, severity of disease symptoms was scored four weeks after inoculation with a TuMV isolate.
Results: The results indicated 5-12 days delay in appearance of symptoms in transgenic plants and there was a decrease in severity of symptoms in contrast to non-transgenic plants. The increased virus concentration ratio in non-transgenic compared to transgenic plants was confirmed by qRT-PCR. The ELISA results confirmed the absence of infection on five out of six transformed plants 15 dpi.
Conclusions: These preliminary results proved that transgenic canola plants containing hairpin of 130 nucleotide sequences of TuMV CP gene could resist against TuMV.
Keywords: Potyvirus, Iran, transgenic plants, qRT-PCR
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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/08/2 | Accepted: 2019/11/27 | Published: 2019/11/27
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Jafari M, Shams-bakhsh M. Preliminary Results of an Attempt to Produce Resistance to Turnip Mosaic Virus in Transgenic Canola (Brassica Napus). Iran J Virol. 2018; 12 (2) :25-33
URL: http://journal.isv.org.ir/article-1-361-en.html


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Volume 12, Issue 2 (12-2018) Back to browse issues page
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